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Valor Universal Viewer
PCB Design Services
Layout Editor is used to design the PCB layout of a circuit. The project database supports design of 32-layers boards (28 trace layers, 2 silk-screen & 2 solder masks). The design can be captured either in schematic capture or directly in layout editor. In the former case, the design is front annotated to the layout editor and in the latter case it is back annotated to schematic editor.
Components are automatically created as a result of packaging executed while editing the schematic diagram of the circui t. Layout may be started without a preexisting schematic. In that case, new parts may be also inserted on the board in similar fashion as in Schematic Editor. Location and orientation of components is defined either by manual relocation to desired position or with help of auto placer. Traces may be laid manually with automatic via insertion whenever routing layer is changed. Six types of user defined via pads are supported. Editor includes also a number of online automatic functions to route/ reroute traces for single nets and to reroute existing traces for relocated components. Dedicated full board auto router module is integrated with PCB Layout Editor. Copper pour areas are defined as polygons and may be placed on any trace layer. Insertion of air gaps and thermal pads on artworks is automatic.
Design rules for manual, semi-automatic and automatic routing of traces and component placement are user defined and may be set individually for each project. Design rules violation, clearance errors and missing or incomplete connections are detected automatically.
1. PCB Layout is invoked from Project Explorer in the following ways.
2. Right click PCB Layout and select
Layout from the list. Or Select Edit PCB Layout from the task list or from the task toolbar.
Define board outline
2. Select Define
(option tool). This tool enables free hand drawing, using which a board of desired shape can be drawn on the workspace.
3. To select a pre-defined board format, select the option tool Textual Mode. The Properties
(Create) dialog pops up.
4. Enter the desired values and click
Relocating the components
The components placed on the schematic, which contain both symbol and package, are front annotated to the layout after packaging. These components are positioned at board datum (0,0) automatically and may be relocated either manually or automatically
Note: Only parts that contain both symbol and package will be automatically back annotated to the schematic.
1. Before we start loading Parts on to the page, turn ON Grid by enabling grid from the dropdown, in Standard Toolbar. The value for grid may be selected from the drop down list as .1000”.
2. Similarly, set Snap value to .0500” for better placement of the components.
Component (function tool) to relocate the components.
Ratsnest (F7 key)
option tool of
function tool to view ratsnest while relocating the components to ensure that components having a large number of interconnections are positioned close to each other. Pressing
while relocating/ stretching an item allows the item to move/ stretch smoothly.
Routing the Components
Connections between components may be established by using
Traces and Copper Pour areas
(Function tool) to enable a set of Routing tools on right clicking the workspace.
2. Adjust zoom precision to view the pins properly.
3.3. Turn on
(Next unconnected node) before routing because this option guides you to take the easiest path to route.
, enabling you to select proper trace size. This also prevents you from creating errors such as traces crossing over pad, traces very close together etc.
5. First route power and ground signals (Net SPL0 and +5V). In Project Explorer, select
Project / Project Design
Rules and set the routing width to 0.030” for Pwr/Gnd lines and 0.013” for Signal lines.
6. To start routing traces, first select the power points
7. Select layer for routing from Layers in the main menu. 28 layers are available for routing. By default
is selected. Click on pin to route on
Note: While routing, enable the tool Snap Trace by
45 degree to change routing directions in steps of 45 deg only.
8. Move cursor with
angle through a short distance and click at the nearest point.
9. Terminate routing of the trace by pressing
on your keyboard. Or click on the tool
The three Auto routers available are:
Arizona auto router is an integrated module of the EDWinXP. It uses its own temporary project and simplified graphics. The Arizona auto router allows routing the traces of a PCB Layout automatically.
Auto routing using Arizona Auto router
Load board to route from project.
Parameters Setup (function tool)
Routing Parameter Settings (option tool).
4. Check Solder Layer in the Routing Parameters Settings window
Auto routing Routines (function tool)
Start Auto Router
Auto routing Routines
Arizona Auto router
Update project and Exit
to save the project.
3D Board View
To view the 3D board view in the Layout Editor select
3D Board Viewer
Testing the Board
While designing a PCB, it is quite obvious that a number of errors may occur. These errors may be in the form of overlapping pads, unconnected Nodes, traces crossing another trace, etc. Such errors must be taken care of before printing the PCB. To find out such errors, certain checks on the board are done.
Connectivity and DRC
check are the two checks.
Connectivity test may be used to check whether there is any electrical discontinuity (unconnected nodes or deleted trace segments) in a single net. By setting certain parameters, the test can be performed either on individual nets or all the selected nets.
2. Click on the
or on a net. The
dialog pops up.
3. Select the required nets using the move keys and click the connectivity test tab.
test tab, set anyone of the three options:
Stop at first fail:
Test stops at the first occurrence of error.
Test all selected Nets:
Checks whether all Nodes of the selected Nets are connected.
Test single Net:
Checks connectivity of the Nodes of the selected Net.
5. Click the
to display the results.
6. Perform this test until
“Tested Nets – Fully Connected”
message is displayed in this window.
Design Rule Check (DRC)
This utility is used to create an error free board to enhance the efficiency of your board. It automatically smoothes, miters, and checks for both aesthetic and manufacturing problems that might have been created in the process of manual or automatic routing. This test helps us to check the clearance between pad to pad, pad to trace and trace to trace.
. The Autocheck Setup dialog pops up. Select Check
2. Select the
and enter the clearance value in the window.
3. To select all the layers used in the project click the Set To Used button.
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