Half Wave Rectifier
To design and simulate a Half Wave Rectifier circuit.
EDWin Components Used
Number of components required
|VGEN||SMB_VGEN||Ac voltage source||1|
The Half wave rectifier is a circuit, which converts an ac voltage to dc voltage.
In the Half wave rectifier circuit shown above the transformer serves two purposes.
- It can be used to obtain the desired level of dc voltage (using step up or step down transformers).
- It provides isolation from the power line.
The primary of the transformer is connected to ac supply. This induces an ac voltage across the secondary of the transformer.
During the positive half cycle of the input voltage the polarity of the voltage across the secondary forward biases the diode. As a result a
current IL flows through the load resistor, RL. The forward biased diode offers a very low resistance and hence the voltage
drop across it is very small. Thus the voltage appearing across the load is practically the same as the input voltage at every instant.
During the negative half cycle of the input voltage the polarity of the secondary voltage gets reversed. As a result, the diode is reverse biased.
Practically no current flows through the circuit and almost no voltage is developed across the resistor. All input voltage appears across the diode
Hence we conclude that when the input voltage is going through its positive half cycle, output voltage is almost the same as the input voltage
and during the negative half cycle no voltage is available across the load. This explains the unidirectional pulsating dc waveform obtained
as output. The process of removing one half the input signal to establish a dc level is aptly called half wave rectification.
Peak Inverse Voltage
When the input voltage reaches its maximum value Vm during the negative half cycle the voltage across the diode is also maximum. T
his maximum voltage is known as the peak inverse voltage. Thus for a half wave rectifier
Let Vi be the voltage to the primary of the transformer. Vi is given by
where Vr is the cut-in voltage of the diode.
Ripple factor is defined as the ratio of rms value of ac component to the dc component in the output.
Vav the average or the dc content of the voltage across the load is given by
RMS voltage at the load resistance can be calculated as
Efficiency, h is the ratio of the dc output power to ac input power
Transformer Utilization Factor
Transformer Utilization Factor, TUF can be used to determine the rating of a transformer secondary.
In half wave rectifier the rated voltage of the transformer secondary is
But actually the RMS current flowing through the winding is only .
Form factor is given by,
Peak factor is given by,
EDWin 2000 -> Schematic Editor: The circuit diagram is drawn by loading components from the library. Wiring and proper net assignment has
been made. The values are assigned for relevant components.
EDWin 2000 -> Mixed Mode Simulator: The circuit is preprocessed. The test points and waveform markers are placed in input and output of the
circuit. GND net is set as reference net. The Transient Analysis parameters have been set. The Transient Analysis is executed and output
waveform is observed in Waveform Viewer.
The output waveform may be observed in the waveform viewer.